International Journal of Innovative Research in Engineering and Management
ISSN 2350-0557

How to Write a Research Paper

1) Title

Title must be simple, attractive and accurately reflects the investigation

Avoid: Phrases, Acronyms, lengthy, title should not be initiated with investigation, study, Facile etc. about/of.

2) Abstract

First few sentences should focus on what the study is about. Include major findings in a manner that general readers can read and understand easily. Keep short and effective language.

Abstract should not be more than one paragraph approximately 100-250 words, which summarizes the purpose, method, result and conclusion of the paper.

Avoid: Detailed experimental procedures and data .Wordiness providing too much or too little motivation for your project (ask technical instructors if you are unsure), and failure to include a relevant conclusion. Abbreviations, chemical formulas, jargon, or references to the literature, graph, tables or figures.

3) Keywords

An accurate list of keywords will ensure correct indexing and help showcase your research to interested groups. This in turn will increase the chances of your paper being cited.

 Avoid: Do not use words or phrases from the title as keywords.

4) Introduction

• Start the section with a general background of the topic.

• Previous work must be discussed in 2-3 paragraphs.

• Point out major issues that are being discussed in the present work.

What question did you ask in your experiment? Why is it interesting? The introduction summarizes the relevant literature so that the reader will understand why you were interested in the question you asked. One to three paragraphs should be enough for this. End with a sentence explaining the specific question you asked in this experiment.  

Avoid: Including unnecessary things in background or being repetitive.

5) Experimental Section

• Divide this section into Methodology, algorithm using, calculations, Data analysis and comparative analysis.

Avoid: Do not put results in this section.

6) Results and Discussion

(These two sections can be combined or separate)

• Describe the results in detail and include a relevant and purposeful discussion

• The order of figures should be according to the discussion themes and not following the sequence they were conducted

• Discuss comparative analysis with previous research.

• Include schemes, photographs to enhance the scope of discussion


Avoid: -Excessive presentation of data/results without any discussion

-  Citing every argument with a published work.

-  Overstating the results (e.g., “Figure 1 clearly shows…” and “Obviously…”). Reporting irrelevant results; remind readers and of your project focus and stick to it. Failing to include and explain unexpected outcomes, error, and uncertainty.


7. Conclusions

Include major findings followed by brief discussion on future perspectives and/or application of present work to other disciplines. Summarize your findings and explain the implications of your work. You may also include Recommendations for improvements or suggestions for future research on the subject at hand.

Avoid: Do not rewrite the abstract. Statements with “Investigated” or “Studied” are not conclusions. Conclusions contain no new data or findings. Including new data, exceeding 1-2 paragraphs, solely repeating major findings without adding significance to those findings.

8. Acknowledgments

Remember to thank the funding agency and Colleagues/scientists/technicians who might have provided assistance References the styles vary for different journals. (Use Reference Works) Please check for the accuracy of all citations, Supporting Information Include methods, analysis, additional data etc.


9. Reference

Here are several possible ways to organize this section.
a) In the text, cite the literature in the appropriate places:

Albert (1998) thought that the gene was present only in yeast, but it has since been identified in the platypus (Ayyer and Joe, 1993) and wombat (Magenta et al., 1994).

b) In the References section list citations in alphabetical order.

Joseph AC, Jaccob BE (1999). Queen place for qwerty: gene isolation from the platypus. Science 205: 1113-1314.

Nagenta TS, Tepia X, Surquoise V (1996). Xombat genetics. In: Xidiculous Xombats, Wiolet, Q., ed. New York: Columbia University Press. pp. 131-149.

Tcarlet LS (1990). Issolation of rwerty gene from T. cerevisae. Journal of Unusual Results 39: 27-32

Aartins CA(2000). Isolation of qwerty gene from S. cerevisae. Journal of Unusual Results 38(3): 27-32.