Paper Submission: 25 June 2022
Author Notification: 7 to 10 days
Journal Publication: June 2022
Dr. Prafull Kumar , Durgesh Nandan
Natural ecosystem research and plant species mix studies reveal that both species and genetic diversity improve ecosystem efficiency in general. As a result, crop variety combining might be a feasible option to changing today's high-input farming, that has been linked to a significant loss from within crop genetic variation but also is generally acknowledged as unsustainable. Researchers investigate how various types of mixes impact ecosystem functioning or the underlying ecosystem systems, as explored in ecology or agronomy, but how this information may be used to create more effective combinations. The authors propose that two complementary techniques for boosting variety mixes, namely sampling or complementing effects, be developed through encouraging ecological steps that contribute to a favourable relationship between biodiversity or environmental functioning, as well as its stability over time. (1) High performance mixes are created using the "trait-blind" technique, which is based on assessments of various mixing skills. Although this method is handy since it does not need comprehensive trait information, it does rely on large-scale experimental methods to determine mixing capacity. (2) The trait-based technique is especially beneficial for creating combinations of varieties to supply certain service baskets, but it necessitates the creation of crop variety trait databases as well as the tracking of trait-service correlations. The effectiveness of mixes must be assessed in real-world economic, social, or agronomic situations. Mixtures are becoming more appealing due to the need multifunctional low-input agricultural output, but new breeding approaches are essential to develop variants with better mixing abilities, foster complementarity as well as selection consequences by increasing the variations of relevant traits, as well as investigate various combinations of trait values.
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Assistant Professor, Department of Agriculture, Sanskriti University, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India
DOI: 10.55524/ijirem.2022.9.1.99 DOI URL: https://doi.org/10.55524/ijirem.2022.9.1.99
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