Study of Impact of the Coir Geo-Textile Usage on the Unpaved Roads
Waseem-ul-Bashir Khanday , Richika Rathore
Transportation infrastructure development is crucial to a country's overall growth. Roads are one of the most essential routes of transportation in the world, and they play a crucial part in a country’s economic and social development. Unpaved roads are typically utilised for low traffic flow and serve as access roads; they are also known as village roads. Unpaved roads serve a critical role in the rural region economy and the resource sectors of agricultural and resource-rich countries. a method is required that either removes the requirement for good-quality aggregate or needs the use of only a small amount of the such material while still providing adequate road performance. Geosynthetics have been utilised to improve unpaved roads on basis of soft subgrades and to lengthen their service life. By adding reinforcement, the aggregate layer thickness required for a given traffic volume can be reduced, or the traffic volume can be raised for a given aggregate layer thickness. Due to its high lignin concentration, coir fibre is robust and degrades slowly when compared to other natural fibres (Rao and Balan, 2000). When embedded in the fill material, coir geotextile creates good interface friction with granular fill, which can cause tensile stress in the reinforcement.
Ajitha, B., Jayadeep, T., 1997. . “Interfacial frictional properties of geotextiles and biomats”.,in: Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Vadodara, India, Vol.1, pp. 287-290.
Al-Busultan, S., Aswed, G. K., Almuhanna, R. R., & Rasheed, S. E. (2020). Application of artificial neural networks in predicting subbase CBR values using soil indices data. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 671, No. 1, p. 012106). IOP Publishing.
Asha, B. S., & Mandal, J. N. (2012). Absorption and discharge capacity tests on natural prefabricated vertical drains. Geosynthetics International, 19(4), 263-271.
Babu, K. K., & Beena, K. S. (2007). Utilisation of Coir Geotextiles for unpaved roads and embankments (Doctoral dissertation, Cochin University of Science and Technology).
Balan, K. (1995). Studies on engineering behaviour and uses of geotextiles with natural fibres (Doctoral dissertation).
Bonaparte, R., Holtz, R. D., & Giroud, J. P. (1987). Soil reinforcement design using geotextiles and geogrids. ASTM International.
Chauhan, M. S., Mittal, S., & Mohanty, B. (2008). Performance evaluation of silty sand subgrade reinforced with fly ash and fibre. Geotextiles and geomembranes, 26(5), 429-435
Das, B. M., & Omar, M. T. (1994). The effects of foundation width on model tests for the bearing capacity of sand with geogrid reinforcement. Geotechnical & Geological Engineering, 12(2), 133-141.
Dash, S. K., Krishnaswamy, N. R., & Rajagopal, K. (2001). Bearing capacity of strip footings supported on geocell-reinforced sand. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 19(4), 235-256.
Edil, T. B., Benson, C. H., Bin-Shafique, M., Tanyu, B. F., Kim, W. H., & Senol, A. (2002). Field evaluation of construction alternatives for roadways over soft subgrade. Transportation Research Record, 1786(1), 36-48.
Giroud, J. P., & Han, J. (2004). Design method for geogrid-reinforced unpaved roads. I. Development of design method. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 130(8), 775-786.
H.C. Mehndirata,. P. Kumar, T. Padma (2005), “Natural Geo-Textile In Highway Embankments- Indian Experience”, Indian Highways, August, 57.
Haliburton, T. A., & Barron, J. V. (1983). Optimum-depth method for design of fabric-reinforced unsurfaced roads (No. 916).
Huang, J., & Haftka, R. T. (2005). Optimization of fiber orientations near a hole for increased load-carrying capacity of composite laminates. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 30(5), 335-341.
Hufenus, R., Rueegger, R., Banjac, R., Mayor, P., Springman, S. M. & Bronnimann, R. (2006). Full scale field tests on geosynthetic reinforced unpaved roads on soft subgrade. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 24, No. 1, 21–37.
Jayaganesh, K. K. (2002). Studies on Reinforced Unpaved Roads. M. Tech Thesis submitted to Indian Institute o. fTechnology Madras. Chennai, India.
Khatri, V. N., Dutta, R. K., Venkataraman, G., & Shrivastava, R. (2016). Shear strength behaviour of clay reinforced with treated coir fibres. Periodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering, 60(2), 135-143.
Koerner, R. M. (2015). In-situ stabilization of soil slopes using nailed or anchored geosynthetics. International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering, 1(1), 1-9.
Krishnaswamy, N. R. & Sudhakar, S. (2005). Analytical and experimental studies on geosynthetic reinforced road subgrades. Journal of Indian Roads Congress, 66, No. 1, 151–200.
Kumar, A., & Saran, S. (2003). Bearing capacity of rectangular footing on reinforced soil. Geotechnical & Geological Engineering, 21(3), 201-224.
Kumar, P. S., & Rajkumar, R. (2012). Effect of geotextile on CBR strength of unpaved road with soft subgrade. Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 17(1), 1355-1363.
Latha, G. M., & Somwanshi, A. (2009). Bearing capacity of square footings on geosynthetic reinforced sand. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 27(4), 281-294.
Lekha, K. R., & Kavitha, V. (2006). Coir geotextile reinforced clay dykes for drainage of low-lying areas. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 24(1), 38-51.
Love, J. P., Burd, H. J., Milligan, G. W. E. & Houlsby, G. T. (1987). Analytical and model studies of reinforcement of a layer of granular fill on a soft clay subgrade. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 24, No. 4, 611–622.
[Waseem-ul-Bashir Khanday , Richika Rathore (2022) Study of Impact of the Coir Geo-Textile Usage on the Unpaved Roads IJIREM Vol-9 Issue-5 Page No-278-281] (ISSN 2350 - 0557). www.ijirem.org
M. Tech Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, RIMT University, Mandi Gobindgarh, Punjab, India