Paper Submission: 25 October 2022
Author Notification: 7 to 10 days
Journal Publication: October 2022
Sijan Khadka , Shakshi Chalotra
One of the most critical concerns of our generation is sustainability. This study aims to determine the extent to which the construction sector in Nepal considers and applies sustainability concepts in its project management activities to develop a change strategy to improve sustainability practices. To better understand the existing situation, this research was conducted through semi-structured interviews. First, the existing literature on sustainability practices was critically studied to understand the current situation and the participating company's objective to improve sustainability performance in developing countries. The literature review results formed the basis for a series of semi-structured interviews with eight members of middle and senior management representing three different stakeholder groups: clients, contractors, and regulatory agencies. The interviews were conducted to gain a deeper understanding of the reasons behind current practices and barriers to implementing sustainability in Nepalese mixed-use buildings. The interview data were coded and analyzed using the thematic analysis method. The findings of this research show how difficult it is to implement sustainability in the buildings of Nepal, and the statistics show that the practices of many organizations are poor in terms of socio-environmental sustainability.
 W. Nawaz, P. Linke and M. Koҫ, "Safety and sustainability nexus: A review and appraisal," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 216, pp. 74-87, 2019.
 G. O. Bamigboye, T. Michaels, A. N. Ede, B. U. Ngene, C. Nwanko and I. Davies, "The Role of Construction Materials in Building Collapse in Nigeria: A Review," Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 1378, no. 4, 2019.
 M. Bendixen, L. L. Iversen, J. Best, D. M. Franks, C. R. Hackney, E. M. Latrubesse and L. S. Tusting, "Sand, gravel, and UN Sustainable Development Goals: Conflicts, synergies, and pathways forward," One Earth, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 1095-1111, 2021.
 Silvestre, B. S. and D. M. Ţîrcă, "Innovations for sustainable development: Moving toward a sustainable future," Journal of cleaner production, vol. 208, pp. 325-332, 2019.
 Karim and A. Zehadul, "Understanding Africa: The Stories of Culture and Change," Partridge Publishing Singapore, 2017.
 Elgadi, A. A., L. H. Ismail, F. Abass and A. Ali, "Developing urban environment indicators for neighborhood sustainability assessment in Tripoli-Libya," In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 160, no. 1, 2016.
 S. Egbetokun, E. S. Osabuohien and T. Akinbobola, "Feasible Environmental Kuznets and Institutional Quality in North and Southern African Sub-regions," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 104-115, 2018.
 N. Zhou, N. Khanna, W. Feng, J. Ke and M. Levine, "Scenarios of energy efficiency and CO2 emissions reduction potential in the buildings sector in China to year 2050," Nature Energy, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 978-984, 2018.
 U. Berardi, "A cross-country comparison of the building energy consumptions and their trends," Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 123, pp. 230-241, 2017.
 H. T. Nguyen, M. Skitmore, M. Gray, X. Zhang and A. O. Olanipekun, "Will green building development take off? An exploratory study of barriers to green building in Vietnam," Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 127, pp. 8-20, 2017.
 G. IEA, "Tracking buildings 2020".
 D. Griggs, Stafford-Smith, G. M., R. O., Ö. J., M. C., P. Shyamsundar and I. Noble, "Sustainable development goals for people and planet," Nature, vol. 495, no. 7441, pp. 305-307, 2013.
 Lim, M. ML, P. S. Jørgensen and C. A. Wyborn, "Reframing the sustainable development goals to achieve sustainable development in the Anthropocene—a systems approach," Ecology and Society , vol. 23, no. 3, 2018.
 H. Kopnina, "Education for sustainable development (ESD): The turn away from ‘environment’in environmental education?," Environmental Education Research, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 699-717, 2012.
 V. I. Osipov, "Sustainable Development: Environmental Aspects," Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences, vol. 89, no. 4, pp. 396-404, 2019.
 K. Tomislav, "The concept of sustainable development: From its beginning to the contemporary issues," Zagreb International Review of Economics & Business, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 67-94, 2018.
 J. Robinson and R. J. Cole, "Theoretical underpinnings of regenerative sustainability," Building Research & Information, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 133-143, 2015.
 N. Zhou, N. Khanna, W. K. J. Feng and M. Levine, "Scenarios of energy efficiency and CO2 emissions reduction potential in the buildings sector in China to year 2050," Nature Energy, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 978-984, 2018.
 Z. Liu, P. Pypłacz, M. Ermakova and P. Konev, "Sustainable Construction as a Competitive Advantage.," Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 15, p. 5946, 2020.
 A. F. Kineber, I. Othman, A. E. Oke, N. Chileshe and T. Zayed, "Exploring the value management critical success factors for sustainable residential building–A structural equation modelling approach," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 293, p. 126115, 2021.
 A. Jeddi Yeganeh, A. P. McCoy and S. Hankey, "Green affordable housing: Cost-benefit analysis for zoning incentives," Sustainability , vol. 11, no. 22, p. 6269, 2019.
 M. Tafazzoli, "Becoming Greener in Construction: Overcoming Challenges and Developing Strategies," International Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure, pp. 1-13, 2017.
 J. Ayarkwa, A. Acheampong, F. Wiafe and B. E. Boateng, "Factors affecting the implementation of sustainable construction in Ghana: the architect’s perspective," In ICIDA 2017-6th International Conference on Infrastructure Development in Africa, pp. 12-14, 2017.
 S. AlSanad, "Awareness, drivers, actions, and barriers of sustainable construction in Kuwai," Procedia engineering, vol. 118, pp. 969-983, 2015.
 J. M. Hussin, I. A. Rahman and A. H. Memon, "The way forward in sustainable construction: issues and challenges," International Journal of Advances in Applied Sciences, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 15-24, 2013.
 J. Sinopoli, "Smart Building Systems for Architects, Owners and Builders," Burlington (MA), 2010.
 V. Albino, U. Berardi and R. M. Dangelico, "Smart cities: Definitions, dimensions, performance, and initiatives," Journal of urban technology, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 3-21, 2015.
 A. Watson, " Digital buildings–Challenges and opportunities," Advanced engineering informatics, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 573-581, 2011.
 J. Sinopoli, "Smart Building Systems for Architects, Owners and Builder," Burlington (MA): Elsevier, 2010.
 T. Weng and Y. Agarwal, "From buildings to smart buildings—sensing and actuation to improve energy efficiency," IEEE Design & Test of Computers, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 36-44, 2012.
 A. P. C. Chan, A. Darko, A. O. Olanipekun and E. E. Ameyaw, "Critical barriers to green building technologies adoption in developing countries: The case of Ghan," Journal of cleaner production, vol. 172, pp. 1067-1079, 2018.
 S. Durdyev, E. K. Zavadskas, D. Thurnell, A. Banaitis and A. Ihtiyar, "Sustainable construction industry in Cambodia: Awareness, drivers and barriers," Sustainability, vol. 10, no. 2, p. 392, 2018.
 J. W. Creswell and C. N. Poth, Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches, Sage publication, 2016.
 H. Snyder, "Literature review as a research methodology: An overview and guidelines," Journal of business research, vol. 104, pp. 333-339, 2019.
 G. Ryan, "Introduction to positivism, interpretivism and critical theory," Nurse researcher, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 41-49, 2018.
 T. Azungah, "Qualitative research: deductive and inductive approaches to data analysis," Qualitative research journal, 2018.
 S. G. Naoum, Dissertation research and writing for construction students, 2012, Routledge.
 B. Matthews and L. Ross, Research Methods: A Practical Guide for the Social Sciences 1st Edition, Harlow: Pearson, 2010.
 M. Saunders, P. Lewis and A. Thornhill, Research Methods for Business Students, Pearson Education, 2016.
 J. A. Maxwell, Designing a qualitative study. Vol. 2. The SAGE handbook of applied social research methods, London: Sage Publication, 2008.
M.Tech. Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, RIMT University, Mandi Gobindgarh, Punjab, India
DOI: 10.55524/ijirem.2022.9.4.14 DOI URL: https://doi.org/10.55524/ijirem.2022.9.4.14
No. of Downloads: 5 | No. of Views: 37