This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)
Mudasir Hassan Sheikh , Anuj Sachar
Concrete has been widely employed by the building industry for a no. of decades. Every construction, whether large or small, includes concrete, which is produced worldwide every year using over 2 million tonnes of cement and over 9 million tonnes of aggregate. Natural resources are under a lot of stress as a result, and the ecosystem is also suffering. Cement, which makes up the majority of concrete, possessing unique social and environmental effects, as well as considerably having an impact on concrete users. More than 5% of the world’s Co2 emissions came from the manufacture of Portland cement. Therefore, many researchers are looking for ways to make concrete environmentally friendly as well as substitute materials for the aggregates used in concrete mixtures in order to satisfy the growing need for cement and also reduce its effects on the environment. Many of the wastes evaluated for use in concrete for various industries have been shown to be efficient. Among these wastes, Rice Husk Ash and Crumb Rubber from recycled tyres have been used to concrete to create unique concrete with qualities including acoustic (sound absorption) and Thermal defence, resisting impacts, increased workability and strength. Additionally, the practise of employing garbage in concrete addresses theproblem of safely disposing of the enormous amounts of waste that are produced each.
MTech Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, RIMT University, Punjab, India
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