Paper Submission: 25 May 2021
Author Notification: 7 to 10 days
Journal Publication: May 2021
P. Ravindranath , M. S. Krishna , Y. M. Naidu
Total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHC) and their seasonal variability are investigated in the coastal region influenced by industrial effluent discharge on the central east coast of India to study TPHC pollution in the coastal oceans. Our results suggest that the study region is not significantly polluted by TPHC during either pre-monsoon or post-monsoon seasons even with the release of treated effluent of ~305 MLD per week from 10 pharmaceutical and 1 textile industries. It could be due to relatively less TPHC input from industrial effluents and/or a better dilution of industrial effluents by the prevailing coastal currents and circulation. This study provides the first ever baseline dataset on TPHC in the coastal region impacted by industrial effluent release. These results can be used to understand the impact of industrial effluent in the coastal regions, and for formulating the strategies for release of industrial effluents into sea by the policy makers.
 Abdullah, M.P., 1995. Oil related pollution status of coastal waters of Peninsular Malaysia. In: Watson, D., Ong, G., Vigers, G. (Eds.), Proceedings of the ASEAN-Canada Technical Conference on Marine Science. EVS Environment Consultants and NSTB, Singapore, pp. 215– 224.
 Abiodun O Adeniji., Omobola O Okoh., Anthony I Okoh., 2017. Sediment of Algoa Bay, Eastern Cape, South Africa. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 14, 1263, doi:10.3390/ijerph14101263.
 Ahmed, O.E., Ali, N.A., Mahmoud, S.A., Doheim, M.M., 2014. Environmental assessment of contamination by petroleum hydrocarbons in the aquatic species of Suez Gulf. Int. J. Mod. Org. Chem. 3, 1–17.
 Ahmed, O.E., Mahmoud, S.A., Mousa, A.E.M., 2015. Aliphatic and poly-aromatic hydrocarbons pollution at the drainage basin of Suez Oil Refinery Company,” Current Science International, 4, 27–44.
 Berrojalbiz, N., Dachs, J., Ojeda, M.J., Valle, M.C., CastroJiménez, J., Wollgast, J., Ghiani, M., Hanke, G., Zaldivar, J.M., 2011. Biogeochemical and physical controls onconcentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water and plankton of the Mediterranean and Black Seas, Glob. Biogeochem. Cy. 25, GB4003, doi:10.1029/2010GB003775
 Bicego, M.C., Lamardo, M.Z., Taniguchi, S., Martins, C.C., Da Silva D.A.M., Sasaki, S.T., Albergaria-Barbosa, A.C.R., Paolo, F.S., Weber, R.R., Montone, R.C., 2009. Results from a 15-year study on hydrocarbon concentrations in water and sediment from Admiralty Bay, King
 Bilal, J., Kuhnhold, W.W., 1980. Marine oil pollution in Southeast Asia. SCS/80/WP/92, (Revised).
 Chouksey, M.K., Kadam, A.N., Zingde, M.D., 2004. Petroleum hydrocarbon residues in the marine environment of Bassein–Mumbai. Mar. Poll. Bull. 49, 637–647.
 Cortes, J.E., Suspes, A., Roa, S., González, C., Castro, H.E., 2012. Total petroleum hydrocarbons by gas chromatography in Colombian waters and soils. Am. J. Environ. Sci. 8, 396–402.
 De O Lemos, R.T., de Carvalho, P.S.M., Zanardi-Lamardo, E., 2014. Petroleum hydrocarbons in water from a Brazilian tropical estuary facing industrial and port development. Mar. Poll. Bull. 82, 183-188.
 El Samra, M.I., Emara, H.I., Shunbo, F., 1986. Dissolved petroleum hydrocarbon in the northwestern Arabian Gulf, Mar. Poll. Bull. 17, 65–68.
 Fondekar, S.P., Topgi, R. S., Noronha, R.J., 1980. Distribution of petroleum hydrocarbons in Goa coastal waters. Ind. J. Mar. Sci. 9, 286 – 288.
 Gangopadhyay, A, Bharatraj, G.N., Chaudhuri, A.H., Babu, M. T., Sengupta, D., 2013. On the nature of meandering of the springtime western boundary current in the Bay of Bengal .
 George Island, Antarctica. Antarct Sci 21, 209–220.
 Gomes, H.R., Goes, J.I. Saino T., 2000. Influence of physical processes and freshwater discharge on the seasonality of phytoplankton regime in the Bay of Bengal. Cont. Shelf Res. 20, 313–330.
 Gordan Jr., D.C., Keizer, P.D., Dale, J., 1978. Temporal variations and probable origins of hydrocarbons in the water column of Bedford basin, Nova Scotia. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 7, 243– 256.
 Gordon, D.C., Prouse, N.J., 1973. The effects of three oils on marine phytoplankton photosynthesis. Mar. Biol. 22, 329-333.
 Greason, S., 2009. Field Screening Petroleum Hydrocarbons Using Ultraviolet Fluorescence Technology, Site lab Corporation, West Newbury, Mass, USA.
 Halpern B.S., Walbridge S., Selkoe K.A., Kappel C.V., Micheli F., D'Agrosa C., Bruno J.F., Casey K.S., Ebert C., Fox H.E., Fujita R., Heinemann D., Lenihan H.S., Madin E.M.P., Perry M.T., Selig E.R., Spalding M., Steneck R., Watson R., 2008. A global map of human impact on marine ecosystems. Science 319, 948-952.
 Hatje, V., Payne, T.E., Hill, D.M., Mcorist, G., Birch, G.F.,Szymczak, R., 2003. Kinetics of trace element uptake and release by particles in estuarine waters: Effects of pH, salinity, and particle loading. Environ. Int. 29, 619–629.
 Hostettler, E.D., Pereira, W.E., Kvenvolden, K.A., van Green, A., Luoma, S.N., Fuller, C.C., Anima, R., 1999. A record of hydrocarbon input to San Fransisco Bay as traced by biomarker profiles in surface sediment and sediment core. Mar. Chem., 64, 115-127.
 Hung, C-C., Ko, F-C, Gong, G.-C., Chen, K-S., Wu, J-M., Chiang, H-L., Peng, S-C., Santschi, H.P., 2014. Increased zooplankton PAH concentrations across hydrographic fronts in the East China Sea. Mar. Poll. Bull. 83, 248-257.
 J. Geophys. Res. 101
 Kadam, A.N., Bhangale, V.P., 1993. Petroleum hydrocarbons in northwest coast of India. Ind. J. Mar. Sci., 22, 227-228.
 Keizer, P.D., Gordon, D.C. Jr., 1973. Detection of trace amounts of oil in sea water by Fluorescence spectroscopy. J. Fish. Res. Bd, Can, 30, 1039–1045.
 Korshenko, A., Matveichuk, I., Plotnikova, T., Luchkov, V., 2005. Marine Water Pollution, Annual Report 2003, Hydrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, Russia, (Russian).
 Kowalewska, G., 1999. Phytoplankton – the main factor responsible for transport of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons from water to sediments in the Southern Baltic ecosystem (extended abstract), ICES, J. Mar. Sci., 56, Supplement: 219-222
 Kowalewska, G., Konat-Stepowicz, J., WawrzyniakWydrowska, B., Szmczak-Zyla, M., 2003. Transfer of organic contaminants to the Baltic in the Odra Estuary. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 46, 703-718.
 Kvenvolden, K.A., Cooper, C.K., 2003. Natural seepage of crude oil into the marine environment, Geo-Marine Letters,.23, 140–146.
 Law, R.J., Dawes, V.J., Woodhead, R.J., Matthiessen, P., 1997. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in seawater around England and Wales. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 34, 306– 322.
 Lee, K., Wong, C.S., Cretney, W.J., Whitney, F.A., Parsons, T.R., Lalli, C.M., Wu, J., 1985. Microbial responses to crude oil and Corexit 9527: SEAFLUXES enclosure study. Microb. Ecol. 11, 337– 351.
 Li, Y., Zhao, Y., Peng, S., Zhou, Q., Ma, L.Q., 2010. Temporal and spatial trends of total petroleum hydrocarbons in the seawater of Bohai Bay, China from 1996 to 2005. Mar. Poll. Bull..60,.238–243.
 Lyla, S., Manokaran, S., Khan, A., 2012. Petroleum hydrocarbon distribution in continental shelf region of southeast coast of India. Int J Sediment Res 27, 73–83.
 Matthew, M., 2009. A comparison study of gravimetric and ultraviolet fluorescence methods for the analysis of total petroleum hydrocarbons in surface water [M.S. thesis], Northeastern University, Boston, Mass, USA,
 Møller, M., Alfheim, I., Larssen, S., Mikalsen, A., 1982. Mutagenicity of Airborne Particles in Relation to Traffic and Air Pollution Parameters, Environ. Sci. Technol. 16, 221–225.
 Morris, J.P., 2013. Residual Diesel Range Organics and Selected Frothers in Process Waters from Fine Coal Flotation. Master’s Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA.
 Murty, V.S.N., Suryanarayana, A., Rao, D. P., 1993. Current structure and volume transport across 12oN in the Bay of Bengal. Ind. J. Mar. Sci., 22, 12-16.
 Neff, J.M., 1979. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Aquatic Environment Applied Science, London, UK.
 Notar, M., Leskovsek, H., Faganeli, J., 2001. Composition, distribution and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sediments of the Gulf of Trieste, Northern Adriatic Sea. Mar. Poll. Bull. 42, 36–44.
 Prakash, P.K., Raman, A.V., 1992. Phytoplankton characteristics and species assemblage patterns in northwest Bay of Bengal. Ind. J. Mar. Sci. 21, 158–160.
 River Health Programme (RHP), 2004. State-of-Rivers Report: Buffalo River System; Department of Water Affairs and Forestry: Pretoria, South Africa, pp. 17–33.
 Sakari, M., Ting, L.S., Houng, L.Y., et al., 2012. Urban effluent discharge into rivers; a forensic chemistry approach to evaluate the environmental deterioration, World Applied Sciences Journal,.20,1227–1235.
 Sanilkumar, K.V., Kuruvilla, T.V., Jogendranath, D., Rao, R.R., 1997. Observation of the western boundary current of the Bay of Bengal, Deep-Sea Res. I 44, 135–145.
 Sasamal, S.K., 2007. On a 16oN chlorophyll plume along the east coast of India. Int. J. Remote Sens. 28, 4671–4675.
 Sen Gupta, R, Qasim S.Z., Fondekar, S.P., Topgi, R.S., 1980. Dissolved petroleum hydrocarbons in some regions of the northern Indian Ocean. Mar Pollu Bull 11,65–68.
 SEPA (State Environmental Protection and Administration of China) (1998) State Oceanic Administration of China, Sea Water Quality Standard GB 3097-1997.
 Sharma, R.C., Singh, N., Chauhan, A., 2016. The influence of physico-chemical parameters on phytoplankton distribution in a head water stream of Garhwal Himalayas: A case study. Egypt. J. Aquat. Res. 42, 11–21.
 Shereet, S.M., 2009. Pollution of petroleum hydrocarbon in the New Damietta Harbor, Egypt. Emirates J. Engineering Research, 14, 65-71.
 Shetye, S.R., Gouveia, A.D., Shankar, D., Shenoi, S.S.C., Vinayachandran, P.N., Sundar, D., Michael, G.S. Nampoothiri, G., 1996. Hydrography and circulation in the western Bay of Bengal during the northeast monsoon., 14011–14025.
 Stenstrom, M.K., Fam, S., Silverman, G.S., 1986. Analytical methods for quantitative and qualitative determination of hydrocarbons and oil and grease in water and wastewater. Environmental Technology Letters,7,625– 636.
 Suratman, S., 2013. Distribution of total petrogenic hydrocarbon in Dungun River Basin, Malaysia. Orient. J. Chem. 29, 77–80.
 Varkey, M.J., Murty, V.S.N., Suryanarayana, A., 1996. Physical oceanography of the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 34, 1–70.
 Veerasingam, S., Raja, P., Venkatachalapathy, R., Mohan, R., Sutharsan, P., 2010. Distribution of petroleum hydrocarbon concentrations in coastal sediments along Tamil Nadu coast, India. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 5, 5–8.
 Venkatachalapathy, R., Veerasingam, S., Ramkumar, T., 2010. Petroleum hydrocarbon concentrations in marine sediments along Chennai coast, Bay of Bengal, India. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 85, 397 –401.
 Wattayakorn, G., Suthanaruk, P., King, B., 1997. An assessment of petroleum hydrocarbon contamination in thecoastal waters of Thailand. In: Vigers, G., Ong, K.S., McPherson, C., Millson, N., Watson, I., Tang, A. (Eds.), Proceedings of the ASEAN-Canada Technical Conference on Marine Science. EVS Environment Consultants, North Vancouver and Department of Fisheries Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia, pp. II 79– II91.
 Weisman, W., 1998. Analysis of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Environmental Media (Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon Criteria Working Group Series), vol. 1, Amherst Scientific Publishers, Amherst, Mass, USA,.
 Zhang, X., Christensen, E.R., Gin, M.F., 1993. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in dated sediments from Green Bay and Lake Michigan. Estuaries 16, 638– 652.
Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board, Visakhapatnam, India email@example.com
No. of Downloads: 8 | No. of Views: 885